California law requires California Bar to split into mandatory regulatory and voluntary trade association entities

Hello everyone and welcome to this Ethics Alert which will discuss the recent California law that requires the California Bar to split into separate regulatory and trade association entities, which appears to be in response to the U.S. Supreme Court’s North Carolina dental antitrust case in 2015.  The State Bar of California’s press release announcing the “historic” law is here:

According to the State Bar press release: “Today (October 2, 2017) Gov. Jerry Brown signed SB 36 into law, the fee bill for the State Bar of California. In addition to setting the annual licensing fee for lawyers, SB 36 includes historic reforms for the public protection agency.”

Under the law, effective in 2019, the California Bar will act only as the disciplinary and regulatory agency and membership will be mandatory for all of the state’s lawyers.  The current 19-member Bar board will transition into a group of 13 individuals serving four-year terms.  Six of the 13 members must be members of the public.  All board members will be appointed by the California Supreme Court, the state legislature, and the governor and will no longer be elected.

A separate nonprofit entity will be created for trade association activities and will include all Bar sections.  Membership in that entity will be voluntary and will include an annual membership fee.

The California Bar must also comply with a California Supreme Court policy to identify and address any proposed decision of the board of trustees which raises antitrust concerns.  This requirement is clearly an attempt to avoid allegations of antitrust violations which were found by the U.S. Supreme Court in North Carolina State Board of Dental Examiners v. Federal Trade Commission, No. 13–534. (USSC February 25, 2015).

In that 2015 case, the USSC found that the North Carolina dental regulatory board, which was made up of primarily dentists, did not have state-action antitrust immunity in its attempts to prohibit non-dentists from providing teeth-whitening services to the public.

The regulation of lawyers (and other licensed professionals) in Florida and other states is implemented through boards, commissions, committees, or other similar entities which investigate and make findings.  In Florida, there is no separate trade association; however, findings by Bar Counsel, grievance committees, and the Bar Board of Governors are subject to review by the Florida Supreme Court.

I previously blogged about North Carolina State Board of Dental Examiners v. Federal Trade Commission and its aftermath in my Ethics Alerts here:, here:, and here:

In some states, these antitrust issues are most likely not in play.   For example, the Illinois Attorney Registration and Disciplinary Commission oversees the registration and discipline of attorneys and all Illinois lawyers are required to pay dues to that entity.  All final disciplinary orders are also issued by the Illinois Supreme Court.  The Illinois State Bar Association is a separate voluntary association which engages in trade association activities.

Bottom line: This California law is clearly in response to (and an attempt to overcome) the antitrust issues identified by the U.S. Supreme Court in North Carolina State Board of Dental Examiners v. Federal Trade Commission.  Will other states follow?  Stay tuned…

…and be careful out there.

Disclaimer:  this e-mail is not an advertisement, does not contain any legal advice, and does not create an attorney/client relationship and the comments herein should not be relied upon by anyone who reads it.

Joseph A. Corsmeier, Esquire

Law Office of Joseph A. Corsmeier, P.A.

29605 U.S. Highway 19 N. Suite 150

Clearwater, Florida 33761

Office (727) 799-1688

Fax     (727) 799-1670

Joseph Corsmeier

About jcorsmeier

Joseph A. Corsmeier is an “AV” rated attorney practicing in Clearwater, Florida. He concentrates his practice primarily in the areas of defense of attorney disciplinary matters before The Florida Bar, attorney admission matters before the Florida Board of Bar Examiners, and professional license and disciplinary matters before the Boards of the State of Florida. He provides expert analysis and opinion on conflict of interest and other attorney disqualification and legal malpractice issues and he testified as an expert in the Florida courts. He served as an Assistant State Attorney in the Sixth Judicial Circuit from 1986 to 1990 where he prosecuted felonies exclusively from June 1987, and as Bar Counsel for The Florida Bar’s Department of Lawyer Regulation from 1990 to 1998. He also practices in the areas of estate planning and Medicaid qualification, workers’ compensation, and labor law. Mr. Corsmeier is the author of numerous articles for various bar publications, has spoken at numerous local and statewide seminars on various topics, including ethics and professionalism, and was an instructor of legal ethics for paralegals at Rollins College until the Tampa campus closed. He received his undergraduate degree from Florida State University and his J.D. from Mercer University. He is admitted to practice in all Florida Courts, the Supreme Court of the United States, the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit, and the Middle District of Florida. He is a member of The Florida Bar, American Bar Association, the Association of Professional Responsibility Lawyers, and the Clearwater and St. Petersburg Bar Associations.
This entry was posted in California law requires split of lawyer regulation and trade association activities, lawyer antitrust, Uncategorized, UPL North Carolina antitrust, USSC North Carolina dental antitrust case and tagged , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

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